Side, Antalya, Turkey
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Type: Beach Resort
SIDE, ANTALYA PROVINCE, TURKEY
It is located on the eastern part of the Pamphylian coast, which lies about 20 km east of the mouth of the Euymedon River. Today, as in antiquity, the ancient city is situated on a small north-south peninsula about 1 km long and 400 m across.
Strabo and Arrian both record that Side was founded byGreek settlers from Cyme in Aeolis, a region of western Anatolia. This most likely occurred in the 7th century BC. Its tutelary deity was Athena, whose head adorned its coinage.
Dating from the tenth century B.C., its coinage bore the head of Athena, the patroness of the city, with a legend. Its people, a piratical horde, quickly forgot their own language to adopt that of the aborigines.
Possessing a good harbour for small-craft boats, Side's natural geography made it one of the most important places inPamhylia and one of the most important trade centres in the region. According to Arrian, when settlers from Cyme came to Side, they could not understand the dialect. After a short while, the influence of this indigenous tongue was so great that the newcomers forgot their native Greek and started using the language of Side. Excavations have revealed several inscriptions written in this language. The inscriptions, dating from the 3rd and 2nd centuries BC, remain undeciphered, but testify that the local language was still in use several centuries after colonisation. Another object found in the excavations at Side, a basalt column base from the 7th century BC and attributable to the Neo-Hittites, provides further evidence of the site's early history. The name Side may be Anatolian in origin, but it means pomegranate in Greek.
Next to no information exists concerning Side under Lydian and Persian sovereignty.
Alexander the Great
In 190 BC a fleet from the Greek island city-state of Rhodes, supported by Rome Pergamum, defeated the Seleucid King Antiochus the Great's fleet, which was under the command of the fugitive Carthaginian general Hannibal. The defeat of Hannibal and Antiochus the Great meant that Side freed itself from the overlord-ship of the Seleucid Empire. The Treaty of Apamea (188 BC) forced Antiochus to abandon all European territories and to cede all of Asia Minor north of the Taurus Mountains to Pergmum. However, the dominion of Pergamum only reached de facto as far as Perga, leaving Eastern Pamphylia in a state of uncertain freedom. This led Attalus II Philadelphus to construct a new harbour in the city of Attalia (the present Antalya), although Side already possessed an important harbour of its own. Between 188 and 36 BC Side minted its own money, tetradrachms showing Nike and a laurel wreath (the sign of victory).
In the 1st century BC, Side reached a peak when the Cilician pirates established their chief naval base and a centre for their slave-trade.
The consul Servilius Vatia defeated these brigands in 78 BC and later the Roman general Pompey in 67 BC, bringing Side under the control of Rome and beginning its second period of ascendancy, when it established and maintained a good working relationship with the Roman Empire.
Emperor Augustus reformed the state administration and placed Pamphylia and Side in the Roman province of Galatia in 25 BC, after the short reign of Amyntas of Galatia between 36 and 25 BC. Side began another prosperous period as a commercial centre in Asia Minor through its trade in olive oil. Its population grew to 60,000 inhabitants. This period would last well into the 3rd century AD. Side also established itself as a slave-trading centre in the Mediterranean. Its large commercial fleet engaged in acts of piracy, while wealthy merchants paid for such tributes as public works, monuments, and competitions as well as the games and gladiator fights. Most of the extant ruins at Side date from this period of prosperity.
Side was the home of Eustathius of Antioch, of the philosopher Troilus, of the fifth-century ecclesiastical writer Philip; of the famous lawyer Tribonian.
Side began a steady decline from the 4th century on. Even defensive walls could not stop successive invasions of highlanders from the Taurus Mountains. During the 5th and 6th centuries, Side experienced a revival, and became the seat of the Bishopric of Eastern Pamphylia. Arab fleets, nevertheless, raided and burned Side during the 7th century, contributing to its decline. The combination of earthquakes, Christian zealots and Arab raids, left the site abandoned by the 10th century, its citizens having emigrated to nearby Antalya.
In the 12th century, Side temporarily established itself once more as a large city. An inscription found on the site of the former ancient city shows a considerable Jewish population in early Byzantine times. However, Side was abandoned again after being sacked. Its population moved to Antalya, and Side became known as Eski Adalia 'Old Antalya' and was buried.
As capital of the Roman province of Pamphylia Prima, Side was ecclesiastically the metropolitan see. The earliest known bishop was Epidaurus, presiding at the Synod of Ancyra, 314. Others are John, fourth century; Eustathius, 381; Amphilochius, 426-458, who played an important part in the history of the time; Conon, 536; Peter, 553; John, 680-692; Mark, 879; Theodore, 1027-1028; Anthimus, present at the synod held at Constantinople in 1054; John, then counsellor to the Emperor Michael VII Ducas, presided at a council on the worship of images, 1082; Theodosius and his successor Nicetas, twelfth century. John, present at a synod at Constantinople in 1156. The Notiae Epicopatuum continued to mention Side as a metropolis of Pamphylia until the thirteenth century. It does not appear in the "Notitia" of Andronicus III. In 1397 the diocese was united with that of Attalia; in 1400 the Metropolitan of Perge and Attalia was at the same time the administrator of Side.
No longer a residential see, Side is today included in the Catholic Church's list of titular sees.
The great ruins are among the most notable in Asia Minor. They cover a large promontory which a wall and a moat separate from the mainland. During medieval times, the wall and moat were repaired and the promontory houses a wealth of structures.
There are colossal ruins of a theatre complex, the largest in Pamphylia, built much like a Roman theatre that relies on arches to support the sheer verticals. The Roman style was adopted because Side lacked a convenient hillside that could be hollowed out in the usual Greek fashion more typical of Asia Minor. The theatre is less well-preserved than the theatre at Aspendos, but it is almost as large, seating 15,000–20,000 people. With time and the shifting of the earth, the scaena wall has collapsed over the stage and the proscenium is in a cataract of loose blocks. It was converted into an open-air sanctuary with two chapels during Byzantine times (5th or 6th century).
The well-preserved city walls provide an entrance to the site through the Hellenistic main gate (Megale Pyle) of the ancient city, although this gate from the 2nd century BC is badly damaged. Next comes the colonnaded street, whose marble columns are no longer extant; all that remains are a few broken stubs near the old Roman baths. The street leads to the public bath, restored as a museum displaying statues and sarcophagi from the Roman period. Next is the square agora with the remains of the round Tyche and Fortuna temple (2nd century BC), peripteral with twelve columns, in the middle. In later times it was used as a trading centre where pirates sold slaves. The remains of the theatre, which was used for gladiator fights and later as a church, and the monumental gate date back to the 2nd century. The early Roman Temple of Dionysus is near the theatre. The fountain gracing the entrance is restored. At the left side are the remains of a Byzantine Basilica. A public bath has also been restored.
The remaining ruins of Side include three temples, an aqueduct, and a nymphaeum. Side's nymphaeum – a grotto with a natural water supply dedicated to the nymphs – was an artificial grotto or fountain building of elaborate design.
There is also a virtually unknown, but expansive site, up in the Taurus foothills, several miles inland, known locally as Seleucia. Virtually unknown to the outside world and not represented on the internet at all, it is the Roman fortress, built by Marc Antony to protect the city of Side. It covers at least a couple of square miles and is almost completely unexcavated, apart from two weeks in 1975, when the Turkish government funded two weeks of excavations. The site was, apparently, finally abandoned in the 7th century, when an earthquake caused the spring which fed the site with water to dry up completely. Many of the buildings are in remarkably good shape, particularly since, due to the lack of available stone, a significant quantity of the sites stonework contains egg and gravel based concrete blocks.
It was a popular spot for watching the solar eclipse of March 29, 2006.
QUALITY & COMFORT
Our rooms have electronic card locking system, central air conditioning and heating, satellite TV and music channel, wireless internet connection, mini bar, safe box, direct dial telephone and fire detector. Bathrooms have a telephone, a hairdryer and a shower.
There are 230 standard rooms. Our rooms have 22 m2 space, 1 bedroom and 1 bathroom. Maximum person capacity is three and the floor is laminate.
Standard Terrace Rooms: there are 66 terrace rooms. Our rooms have 25 m2 space, 1 bedroom, 1 bathroom with bathtub and maximum person capacity is three. In addition to all features of standard rooms, they also have sea or land views.
Deluxe Terrace Rooms: There are 46 deluxe terrace rooms. They have 28 m2 space, 1 bedroom, 1 bathroom with bathtub and maximum person capacity is three. In addition to all features of standard rooms, they also have sea view and sunbeds on their terraces.
For Our Physically Disabled Guests: Our hotel has three rooms that are arranged for our physically disabled guests. Those rooms have all the features of standard rooms and their bathrooms are designed especially for our guests.
FLAVOUR & PRESENTATION
In order to grant our guests a pleasant stay and to offer them 100% happiness and satisfaction, our “Ultimate All Inclusive” concept starts with a warm welcome by offering our guests a traditional Turkish dessert called “cezerye” and a glass of Turkish sweet drink called “sherbet”. Then it continues with wide range of food and drinks for 24 hours. Our A’ la Carte restaurants require reservation and is free of charge for once during one week’s accommodation.
Due to hygiene rules and expectations of our guests, wearing swimsuits or undershirts for dinner is not allowed. Our male guests should come to dinner wearing long trousers.
Fee-paying Food & Beverage Services: Room service (24 hours), brandy, 12 and 15 years old whiskeys, local and foreign bottled luxury wines, energy drinks and fresh fruit juices.
Sunset View Bar
We are at your service with cake and tea servings between 11.00-17.00.
We are at your service with children and adult buffet between 12.00-14.30 and snack servings between 14.30-16.00.
We are at your service with snack servings between 12.30-16.00.
We are at your service with our delicious gözleme (a special Turkish food) servings between 11.00-16.00.
We are at your service with cake and cookie servings between 10.00-23.00.
WORLD OF PRIVILEGES
We have thought of everything so you can enjoy impeccable service and comfort, collect unforgettable memories and have the maximum fun during your stay.
There are two meeting rooms. One of them has 625 m2 space and the capacity of 600 people while the other one has the 126 m2 space capacity of 50 person. They are equipped with the latest technology items and suitable for all events.
We want you to enjoy your days during your stay with animation activities throughout the day, evening shows prepared by professional groups, live music concerts on certain days of the week and our disco.
For our children… We created opportunities for our little guests to have a fulfilling, limitless holiday with endless freedom. Activities that continue throughout the day, Crispy Mini Club, games, their own private pool, food and beverage servings for our children and teens between 4-12 ages, special Teenage Club activities for our young guests aged between 13-17… We prepared a lot of events for them to make new friends, improve themselves and have their fill of games and entertainment. Mini club staff, who you entrust with your precious children, takes care of our little ones and looks out for them. We know that mini club is the ultimate department that does not tolerate any mistakes and for that very reason, our mini club staff in our “Child and Family Friendly Hotel” concept facilities, hosts our little guests with this consciousness. Because we are aware that, if our little guests are happy then so do their families. Come, give your children a joyful, full-of-adventure, unforgettable holiday as a gift!
For our guests who want to do sports, interested in fitness and fond of water sports, we have created opportunities that they can benefit based on their preferences. You can both relax and stay fit at the same time during your holiday, too.
Our fully equipped SPA Health and Beauty Centre of 800 m2, offers you the opportunity to spend a unique holiday with its skin and body treatments, special SPA garden with Bali type massage units, relaxing beds with jakuzzi, outside SPA swimming pool with Hydro massage system and private jakuzzi. In our hotel, in addition to the SPA centre, there are also Turkish Hammam, sauna, steam room and hairdresser services.
Bath and Hydrotherapy: Plant and Flower Therapy, Sea Moss Therapy, Aroma Hydrotherapy, Underwater Massage
Body Care: Sea Moss Treatment, Body Peeling, Cellulite Treatment
Massage Room: Relaxing and Soothing massage, Hot Stone Therapy, Aroma Therapy, Shiatsu, Reiki, Reflexology, Thai Foot Massage, Ottoman Massage, Thai Massage, Indian Head Massage
Skin Care Unit: Classic and Special Skin Treatments, Aroma Therapy.